Renal anaemia is a condition in which the patient has a count abnormally low red blood cell renal is a term that means kidneys, so anemia is often associated with kidney disease. This type of anemia occurs due to the lack of erythropoietin, a protein produced in the kidneys that helps create red blood cells. Another cause of anaemia is hemolysis, decomposition of red blood cells in abnormal places in the body, such as blood vessels. In addition, iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies can lead to kidney disease. Renal anaemia is a sign of renal failure, renal anemia is treated with dialysis to filter blood and get rid of the excess debris. Renal anemia develops en pacientes con enfermedad renal cronica (ERC) this affects cognitive abilities, the response of the immune system and cardiovascular functions as well as a person’s ability to exercise or stress the body’s systems. What refers to the CKD, anemia the toxicity of aluminum and the shortest time of survival of red blood cells can also be caused by deficiency of iron, acute or chronic inflammatory diseases. Renal anaemia affects nearly every organ of the body, either directly or indirectly.
A combination of high blood pressure and anemia may cause left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), a complication resulting from changes in the tension of the left ventricular wall. Severe cases of anemia can lead to hospitalization and even death. Since renal anemia is a disease that gradually worsens, early diagnosis is crucial. Doctors have developed a plan to identify and control the disease, known as anaemia kidney in management (RAMP) period. Treatment consists of avoiding the formation of other diseases and complications such as HVI.When a patient with anemia is identified in the third stage of chronic kidney disease, doctors usually opt to control symptoms of anemia to be able to intervene quickly, this includes the measurement of the patient’s weight, diet, energy and protein intake, serum cholesterol, calcium, phosphorus and the general State of health and well-being. The Epoetin is a type of treatment of renal anaemia, which can decrease the risk of HVI. In addition, the artificial production of more red blood cells is a treatment for anaemia, genetic engineering is still experimenting with this process.